本文由Altimeter Group的Jeremiah Owyang撰写，原文地址：http://www.web-strategist.com/blog/2010/11/05/industry-reference-the-social-business-stack-for-2011/
Enterprise 2.0: Why All Business Software Must Go Social
Written By Pehong Chen
Enterprise 2.0 is a term that has moved from “think outside the box concept” into a mainstream staple. Many business leaders are trying to adopt the concept into day-to-day work – or at the very least are aware that it exists and want to learn more. Either way, it is increasingly evident that the prevailing wisdom on the subject has changed; having an enterprise social network is no longer a fascination of early adopters. It is now an essential component of the enterprise.
For 30 years, businesses have relied on a trio of applications that can now be referred to as Enterprise 1.0:
- Transactional Applications: data-centric systems designed to handle core business transactions and processes.
- Productivity Tools: document-centric tools used by knowledge workers to manage and maintain their work files.
- Communications Tools: ever-growing email messages that must get categorized, organized and filed into various topic folders by each individual user.
Geoffrey Moore, Silicon Valley veteran and author of the high-tech marketing bible Crossing the Chasm, calls these Enterprise 1.0 applications “systems of record.” While still essential for any enterprise, they lack the ability to promote something that is becoming an increasingly important aspect of any company — social engagement. Enter Enterprise 2.0, a new management paradigm based on enterprise social networking. It is the platform of engagement for all constituents across and beyond the enterprise, empowering them to be more engaged by staying connected with the people and activities around them. In doing so, they can participate, contribute and collaborate with one another more effectively, thereby achieving higher business goals for the company as a whole. Platforms of engagement aim at adding a “second element” to the enterprise — a social context to every system of record, but not replacing it. At least not immediately.
Geoffrey Moore，硅谷老兵以及高技术营销圣经《跨越鸿沟》的作者，把企业1.0应用称为“记录的系统”。虽然企业1.0应用对于企业仍旧是必要的，这些应用缺乏促进变得越来越重要的社会化参与（Social Engagement）的能力。企业2.0，是基于企业级社会网络的一种全新的管理范式。企业2.0为企业中和企业外所有参与者的参与平台（platform of engagement）,使他们能够通过保持连接而更好地与围绕他们的人和活动协同。这么做他们可以更有效率地彼此参与、贡献和协同，从而作为一个整体为公司达到更高的商业目标。此类参与平台目的在于为企业添加“第二种元素” – 每个记录系统的社会化场景（social context），但不是替代它，至少不是马上替代。
Many enterprises have been experimenting with platforms of engagement for the past couple of years, although most have experienced a fairly high failure rate. Some reports even suggest that as much as 90% of enterprise social networking projects either falter or die on the vine within the first 3-6 months.
So why is adopting a platform of engagement such a tough challenge? The answer is surprisingly obvious: old habits die hard. We all prefer to do things the familiar way — having relied on systems of record throughout our professional careers, adding yet another element into the mix can be disruptive and annoying for most people. Furthermore, any successful adoption requires a cultural, behavioral and habitual transformation for the entire organization.
By design, systems of record are records-centric, revolving around enterprise data, documents, messages and their surrounding business processes. This work environment is highly structured, largely reactive, and the workflow is linear. In contrast, platforms of engagement are people-centric. Their mission is to facilitate collaborative tasks such as problem solving, exception handling, consensus building, and innovative brainstorming, tasks that cannot be pre-programmed into structured processes or workflows. Consequently, platform of engagement participants must thrive to be proactive, engaging in multiple activities in parallel to reach maximum geometric scalability, such as:
- Assemble and sustain a critical mass of active members across and beyond the enterprise.
- Build out an ecosystem of networks and communities by these members, for these members.
- Establish meaningful social business connections amongst themselves.
- Integrate fully into all aspects of systems of record.
- Maintain a reputation economy so that everyone is incentivized to contribute ideas and share knowledge at all times.
- Follow all relevant activities by anyone, from anywhere, at anytime.
- Zoom in on any actionable items timely and collaboratively.
For platforms of engagement to succeed is to transform everyone’s entrenched work habits from reactive to proactive and from linear to geometric, which is not a trivial feat by any means. But only when we cross that chasm can our platform of engagement be adopted as the essential second element in our workplace.
Like any change, this is a classic chicken-and-egg problem: you need enough stuff in it for enough people to get it; you need enough people who have already got it to generate enough stuff. That’s the bad news.
The good news is that while very challenging, once the cold start inertia is overcome, everyone will wonder: why didn’t we make the transformation sooner?
- [转] 给力！甲骨文发布公有云服务和社交网络功能
- Social CRM: Ground zero for Enterprise 2.0 in 2010
- Social Business Intelligence: Positioning a Strategic Lens on Opportunity
- Harnessing Social Business Intelligence: Nine Strategic Uses
- Crowdcast Raises $6 Million For ‘Social Business Intelligence’ Solutions
- Janeece on [转] 给力！甲骨文发布公有云服务和社交网络功能
- Brysen on Social Business Intelligence: Positioning a Strategic Lens on Opportunity
- solarpathlights on [转] 给力！甲骨文发布公有云服务和社交网络功能
- postage raTes on Crowdcast Raises $6 Million For ‘Social Business Intelligence’ Solutions
- Cynthia on Social Business Intelligence: Positioning a Strategic Lens on Opportunity